Assisted Living Costs: Facts & Figures

When considering the various options for senior care and housing, it is important to know how much you can expect to pay for the different types of care settings.

Assisted living costs vary depending on several factors which typically include:

Geographic location

Size of accommodations

Level of care required

Additional amenity and service fees

Assisted Living Costs by Geographic Location

Just as the cost of real estate varies by geographic area, assisted living costs also vary nationwide. According to a Market Survey of Long-Term Care Costs conducted by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (MetLife), the national average for assisted living base rates was $3,550 per month in 2012.

According to the 2013 Cost of Care Survey conducted by Genworth Financial, assisted living showed the largest rate increase since 2012 among all categories of senior care, rising 4.55%. Residents of assisted living communities can typically expect a 3-5% annual increase in their base rate.

The table below shows the range of monthly assisted living costs by state in 2013* for a one-bedroom, single-occupancy assisted living apartment across the United States:

State Minimum Median Maximum

Alabama $1,700 $2,600 $5,691

Alaska $3,750 $6,000 $8,145

Arizona $1,500 $3,350 $5,930

Arkansas $1,025 $2,865 $4,238

California $933 $3,710 $8,445

Colorado $1,900 $3,520 $6,293

Connecticut $1,700 $5,000 $8,910

Delaware $3,150 $5,533 $6,990

Florida $913 $3,000 $6,510

Georgia $950 $2,703 $5,300

Hawaii $3,325 $4,200 $5,000

Idaho $2,100 $3,198 $4,500

Illinois $1,732 $4,050 $6,345

Indiana $1,530 $3,705 $6,210

Iowa $1,290 $3,150 $4,920

Kansas $2,025 $3,490 $6,000

Kentucky $1,170 $2,720 $6,450

Louisiana $1,975 $3,150 $5,759

Maine $1,800 $4,500 $7,415

Maryland $1,000 $3,400 $7,680

Massachusetts $3,000 $4,950 $8,000

Michigan $718 $2,850 $6,975

Minnesota $1,493 $3,350 $7,500

Mississippi $1,800 $3,000 $5,040

Missouri $1,310 $2,288 $5,130

Montana $2,100 $3,600 $4,975

Nebraska $1,076 $3,360 $5,745

Nevada $1,750 $2,850 $4,500

New Hampshire $2,100 $3,589 $6,825

New Jersey $2,559 $5,994 $7,860

New Mexico $2,500 $3,518 $5,491

New York $1,500 $3,950 $9,500

North Carolina $1,182 $2,900 $6,748

North Dakota $1,250 $2,852 $4,050

Ohio $1,980 $3,920 $7,770

Oklahoma $900 $2,967 $5,800

Oregon $2,309 $4,023 $6,570

Pennsylvania $1,000 $3,175 $7,800

Rhode Island $2,203 $4,148 $6,366

South Carolina $1,122 $3,000 $5,775

South Dakota $1,900 $3,036 $4,338

Tennessee $1,500 $3,525 $6,000

Texas $1,200 $3,336 $6,500

Utah $1,890 $2,888 $5,000

Vermont $1,788 $3,750 $7,210

Virginia $1,079 $3,775 $7,000

Washington $1,075 $4,250 $7,500

West Virginia $1,800 $3,250 $5,679

Wisconsin $1,460 $3,538 $7,050

Wyoming $1,489 $3,300 $5,150

*From the Genworth Financial 2013 Cost of Care Survey.

The states with the most expensive median monthly assisted living costs are:

Alaska – $6,000

New Jersey – $5,994

Delaware – $5,533

Connecticut – $5,000

Massachusetts – $4,950

The states with the least expensive median monthly assisted living costs are:

Missouri – $2,288

Alabama – $2,600

Georgia – $2,703

Kentucky – $2,720

Michigan – $2,850

Size & Location of Apartment

Residents of assisted living communities can typically choose from several apartment types and sizes, including studio, studio alcove, one- and two-bedroom apartments. The size of an apartment determines its base rate as does the location of the apartment with regard to view, proximity to elevators and public areas, and availability of a private patio or balcony.

While it’s common for families to prefer larger apartments for their loved ones, it’s important to remember that the entire community becomes a resident’s home.

In addition, those with mobility issues have a higher risk of falling, particularly during the night, in apartments that require more walking between the bedroom and bathroom.

Level of Care Required

Upon admission and when residents require assistance with activities of daily living (ADLs), an assessment by a licensed nurse is provided to determine additional assisted living costs for care services. According to the National Center for Assisted Living, assisted living residents need help with 1.6 ADLs on average. More than half of all seniors residing in assisted living communities require help with preparing meals, managing their medications and bathing.

Activity of Daily Living % of Residents Needing Help

Meal Preparation 87%

Medication Management 81%

Bathing 64%

Dressing 39%

Toileting 26%

Transferring 19%

Eating 12%

*From the National Center for Assisted Living Resident Profile.

In most cases, a point system or levels of care are used to represent the costs for assisted living services. When a point system is used, each type of care and the frequency in which it’s provided determines the assisted living cost. For example, medication management/administration once a day may cost an additional $150 per month while the same service provided three times a day may cost an additional $300 per month.

Levels of care may be based upon a point system as well, with this type of cost determination often providing less flexibility in assisted living costs. For example, a resident may fall between a Level One and a Level Two but they must pay for Level Two care as their needs exceed Level One.

Additional Costs for Assisted Living

Assisted living communities charge a refundable deposit fee, which secures a particular apartment within the community for a specific period of time (usually two weeks). Once a resident moves in, this deposit usually applies towards a community fee (terms for the name of this fee may vary).

Ranging from $1,000 to $5,000, this fee is non-refundable and covers administrative expenses and the cost of apartment renovations between residents. Other assisted living costs may include fees for private transportation, off-site activities, guest meals and use of a guest apartment within the community.

More Information on Assisted Living Costs

For more information on how to pay for assisted living costs, check out the following articles:

Paying for Assisted Living

Long-Term Care Costs: A Primer

Veterans Benefits: A Brief Overview

Long-Term Insurance: Planning For Your Future

Find Assisted Living Communities

With the right planning, assisted living costs can be made manageable for seniors in need of extra support and care. Our nationwide directory of senior housing can help you find assisted living communities near you.

Written by gerontologist Sara Shelton